Research Projects

The members of the research team have been involved in the following projects

IMPREX will improve society’s ability to anticipate and respond to future hydrological extreme events (floods, droughts…) in Europe. It will enhance forecast quality of extreme hydro-meteorological conditions and their impacts. The knowledge developed by the project will support risk management and adaptation planning at European and national levels. We are contributing to IMPREX by  testing the efficiency of seasonal forecasting on monitoring and predicting hydrological and agricultural drought. The primary goal of is to introduce the advanced forecasting information developed in the frame of IMPREX to local users.

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IMPREX

H2020

€ 7 996 848

4 years (2015 – 2019)

23 partners – 9 countries

KNMI

HELIX is an EU-funded collaborative research project assessing the potential impacts of climate change. Scientists from 16 organisations worldwide have worked together to develop a number of future scenarios of the natural and human world as a consequence of 1.5°C, 2°C, 4°C and 6°C global warming. Our contribution to HELIX is to develop high resolution bias adjusted data for global and regional impact assessment, project hydrological impacts with new high-resolution climate projections and assess the vulnerability to freshwater under different adaptation options at the global and regional level.

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HELIX

FP7

€ 8 999 998

4 years (2014 – 2018)

16 partners – 12 countries

UoE

RECARE works on the development of effective prevention, remediation and restoration measures using an innovative trans-disciplinary approach, actively integrating and advancing knowledge of stakeholders and scientists in 17 Case Studies, covering a range of soil threats in different bio-physical and socio-economic environments across Europe. Within the Case Study sites, i) the current state of degradation and conservation is assessed, ii) impacts of degradation and conservation on soil functions and ecosystem services are quantified in a harmonized, spatially explicit way, and iii) prevention, remediation and restoration measures selected and implemented by stakeholders in a participatory process are being evaluated regarding efficacy.

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RECARE

FP7

€ 8 549 525

5 years (2013 – 2018)

27 partners – 20 countries

WU

CASCADE improved the understanding of sudden ecosystem shifts that may lead to major losses in biodiversity and ecosystem services, and examined measures that can be used to prevent such shifts. The focus of CASCADE was explicitly on drylands as being one of the most fragile and threatened ecosystems in Europe. We investigated the historical evolution of dryland ecosystems in six Mediterranean study sites, and improved understanding of the mechanisms underlying sudden and catastrophic shifts through a combination of experimentation and modeling. Based on both experimentation and modelling, CASCADE developed management schemes for sustainable resource use and conservation of ecosystem services.

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CASCADE

FP7

€ 5 889 999

6 years (2012 – 2017)

14 partners – 10 countries

ALTERRA

IMPACT2C enhanced the knowledge, quantified climate change impacts, and adopted a clear and logical structure, with climate and impacts modelling, vulnerabilities, risks and economic costs, as well as potential responses, within a pan-European sector based analysis. IMPACT2C utilised a range of models within a multi-disciplinary international expert team and assesses effects on water, energy, infrastructure, coasts, tourism, forestry, agriculture, ecosystems services, and health and air quality-climate interactions. IMPACT2C key innovations was (a) individual and cross-sector assessments aligned to the 2°C and1.5°C scenarios for both impacts and adaptation, (b) a core theme of uncertainty, and will develop a methodological framework integrating the uncertainties within and across the different sectors, (c) an assessment of impacts in some of the world’s most vulnerable regions and (d) integration and synthesis communicable through the IMPACT2C web-atlas.

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IMPACT2C

FP7

€ 6 499 999

4 years (2012 – 2015)

29 partners – 17 countries

HZG/GERICS

ECLISE took the first step towards the realisation of a European Climate Service. ECLISE was a European effort in which researchers, in close cooperation with users, developed and demonstrated local climate services to support climate adaption policies. It did so by providing climate services for several climate-vulnerable regions in Europe, organized at a sectorial level: coastal defence, cities, water resources and energy production. Furthermore, ECLISE defined, in conceptual terms, how a pan-European Climate Service could be developed in the future, based on experiences from the aforementioned local services and the involvement of a broader set of European decision makers and stakeholders.

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ECLISE

FP7

€ 3 408 670

3 years (2011 – 2014)

13 partners – 9 countries

KNMI

The work of COMBINE improved ESMs by including key physical and biogeochemical processes to model more accurately the forcing mechanisms and the feedbacks determining the magnitude of climate change in the 21st century. COMBINE contributed to better assessments of changes in the physical climate system and their impacts in the societal and economic system. Resulting effects were investigated in the physical climate system and in impacts on water availability and agriculture, globally and in 3 regions under the influence of different climate feedback mechanisms. COMBINE made use of the experimental design and of the scenarios proposed for IPCC AR5. Therefore the project provided substantial contribution to the AR5, by its relevant research and by the contribution of experiments to the IPCC data archives. Our contribution to COMBINE was to validate the performance of high resolution RCMs, to test the application of new bias correction techniques, evaluate the performance of decadal projections at the local scale and examine the feedback mechanisms of nonhydrostatic hi-res climate modeling.

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ECLISE

FP7

€ 7 922 981

4 years (2009 – 2013)

22 partners – 14 countries

KNMI

In SIMFLOOD an add-on application was developed that can accurate delineate flooded areas in watersheds and provide a useful floodplain management tool. This was achieved by integrating very high resolution satellite photo stereo-pairs and ground control points (GCP) in order to achieve a high accuracy Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and the output of the most contemporary hydrological flood methods. This tool was be applied and verified in the hydrological basins of Keritis and Almyrida in the island of Crete, Greece.

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SImFlood

ESA

€  117 000

2 years (2009 – 2011)

1 partner – 1 country

TUC

The Integrated Project WATCH brought together the hydrological, water resources and climate communities to analyse, quantify and predict the components of the current and future global water cycles and related water resources states, evaluate their uncertainties and clarify the overall vulnerability of global water resources related to the main societal and economic sectors. WATCH project analysed and described the current global water cycle, especially causal chains leading to observable changes in extremes (droughts and floods) and also evaluated how the global water cycle and its extremes respond to future drivers of global change. WATCH develop an enhanced (modelling) framework to assess the future vulnerability of water as a resource, and in relation to water/climate related vulnerabilities and risks of the major water related sectors, such as agriculture, nature and utilities (energy, industry and drinking water sector).

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WATCH

FP6

€ 9 980 096

5 years (2008 – 2012)

25 partners – 15 countries

CEH

The Integrated Project SCENES was a 5-year project developing and analysing a set of comprehensive scenarios of Europe’s freshwater futures up to 2025, covering all of “Greater” Europe reaching to the Caucasus and Ural Mountains, and including the Mediterranean rim countries of north Africa and the near East. These scenarios provided a reference point for long-term strategic planning of European water resource de-velopment, alerted policymakers and stakeholders about emerging problems, and allowed river basin managers to test regional and local water plans against uncertainties and surprises which are inherently imbedded in a longer term strategic planning process

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SCENES

FP6

€ 6 869 544

5 years (2007 – 2011)

28 partners – 18 countries

SYKE

The Specific Targeted project HYDRATE improved the scientific basis of flash flood forecasting by extending the understanding of past flash flood events, advanced and harmonising a European-wide innovative flash flood observation strategy and developed a coherent set of technologies and tools for effective early warning systems. To this end, the project included actions on the organization of the existing flash flood data patrimony across Europe. HYDRATE developed a freely-accessible European Flash Flood Database to make available the collected hydrometeorological data to the international research community. The final aim of HYDRATE was to enhance the capability of flash flood forecasting in ungauged basins by exploiting the extended availability of flash flood data and the improved process understanding.

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HYDRATE

FP6

€ 2 422 060

4 years (2007 – 2010)

17 partners – 11 countries

UniPad